CCTC: A Historical Perspective

The Mission

The mission of Council of Chairs of Training Councils (CCTC) is to provide a forum for communication among doctoral, internship, and postdoctoral training associations in psychology. CCTC promotes discussion of professional education of psychologists, develops recommendations to be reviewed and possibly implemented by member organizations, encourages communication between CCTC members and associated organizations and provides comment to the Board of Education Affairs (BEA), the Committee on Accreditation (CoA), and other APA Boards and Committees on relevant issues.


CCTC meets bi-annually the day prior to the American Psychological Association’s Board of Educational Affairs (BEA) meetings in March and October of each year. This allows for CCTC members and liaisons to also serve as liaisons to the BEA meetings. CCTC has no specific bylaws or attendance procedures. However, CCTC members have traditionally elected a chair to serve for a two-year term, beginning at the close of the BEA Consolidated Meetings in March of each year. The secretary has been elected to serve a one year term, beginning at that same time. Meetings occur under the auspices of, and with funding from APA’s Education Directorate. Attendees have consisted of the chair, president or designated representative (chair-elect, past-chair) of each member council, and terms of membership range from one to three years, typically in accordance with each training council’s leadership terms. Some training councils elect to bring more than one representative to CCTC meetings, allowing for smoother transitions regarding on-going CCTC dialogues and action items. However, only one member attendee may contribute to discussions and participate in votes. Additionally, the Education Directorate typically provides funds of $500 to only one representative from each training council for each meeting. CCTC has tended to function by consensus, and members determine whether and to what degree they wish to participate in various CCTC initiatives.

CCTC has begun to assume a much more proactive presence within the larger education and training community. Recent initiatives and key contributes by CCTC include:

  • Student Competence Task Force that clarifies that in addition to performance in coursework, seminars, scholarship, comprehensive examinations, and related program requirements, other aspects of professional development and functioning (e.g., cognitive, emotional, psychological, interpersonal, technical, and ethical) will also be evaluated.
  • Development of a draft set of practicum guidelines through which the levels of competence are specified across a comprehensive set of domains
  • The need to follow up with a variety of diversity and multicultural initiatives within APA and perhaps develop additional source/case materials
  • Surveys regarding the fees that programs do or do not assess students while on internship and postdoctoral funding issues in particular
  • Internship supply and demand and impacts on students and programs
  • The possibility of establishing a “division of education and training” within APA


CCTC is a place where chairs of diverse training associations come together for the shared and greater purposes of training and education in psychology. One key goal of CCTC meetings and listserv dialogue is to move forward with common issues. Issues discussed frequently converge around themes relevant to a majority of members, and members gain much for their respective councils and the training community as a whole by speaking with a “common voice.” CCTC has considerable influence regarding relevant actions, guidelines and recommendations on global training and education issues. CCTC members have benefitted from a general absence of mandated policies, largely due to the wide-ranging needs and values of each council’s membership.

A Brief History

A series of “action-oriented” chairs, beginning in 1999, including Drs. Emil Rodolfa, Beverly Thorn, and Nadine Kaslow, took three substantive steps with considerable support from the APA’s Education Directorate, Dr. Paul Nelson (Deputy Executive Director of the Education Directorate and a primary initiator of CCTC in the mid-1980s), Dr. Nathan Perry and others on the Board of Educational Affairs, which are:

  1. Expanding the membership of CCTC to include voting members of all relevant education and training groups as well as approved liaisons who have a vested interest in the deliberations and activities of CCTC.
  2. Encouraging attendance by all member councils at bi-annual meetings.
  3. Considering a range of relevant issues in professional education and training in psychology to be addressed by CCTC members and liaisons.

List of CCTC Chairs/Secretaries

 1994-96 Nate Perry, CUDCP Sandy Pedersen, APPIC
1996-98 Emil Rodolfa, ACCTA
1998-2000 Bev Thorn, CUDCP
2000-03 Nadine Kaslow, APPIC
2003 Cynthia Baum, NCSPP Jenny Cornish
2003-05 Emil Rodolfa, APPIC Craig Shealy
2005-07 Ray Crossman, NCSPP
2009-11 Cindy Juntunen
2010-13 Steve McCutcheon Wendy Paszkiewicz (Spring 2012)
David Cimbora (Spring 2013)
2013-15 David Cimbora Jason Williams (Fall 2013 and Spring 2014)
Christine Malecki (Fall 2014 and Spring 2015)
2015-present Jason Williams